Core homework consists of reading, writing, spelling and number activities. There will also be work set relating to other curriculum topics from time to time.
Reading should preferably be a daily activity where parents listen and read with their children for at 5-10 minutes each day. Sometimes this will not be possible but try to aim for 30 minutes per week. If you child is tired, it may be better to read to them or to take turns. Re-reading books and pages is a very useful way of embedding their learning of any new word and helping your child to take in the story. The comments you put in the reading record are very helpful. If you child is also reading other books at home, it is helpful if you can also mention this.
Spelling is a significant section of the key stage one curriculum and there are a large number of words which children are expected to be able to spell by the end of Year 2. I hope the spelling ideas in their homework books help you to work with your child. Children of this age often find spelling difficult. I would prefer frequent short bursts of practise particularly if your child finds it a tricky chore. It can be more fun if you can make it interactive eg they test you as well as the other way round. You can choose to target say four of the words if that is more achievable. Remember to make sure that they understand the words and can make up sentences using them.
In addition to learning spellings, your child should aim to spend about 30 minutes per week on their other homework.